Lovćen mountain range is natural, historical, cultural ans spiritual symbol for all Montenegrins. On Lovćen is placed Mausoleum of the greatest son of the nation – Petar Petrovic II Njegoš, a poet, philosopher, prince-bishop and statesman from 19th century, a prominent member of old Montenegrin ruling family Petrović. Njegoš was born in the village of Njeguši below the Lovćen mountain.
I want to tell you something about Lovcen, about a beautiful Montenegrin hill. The first thing that emerges in front of you, that is it; the first spoken Montenegrin word is its name; the first step on the Montenegrin soil is the stone of the Lovcen mountain. Wherever you go, you can see it; it is a polar star for Montenegrins.
Today, Njegoš is buried in a sarcophagus in a Mausoleum on the top of Lovćen mountain. Domestic name of Montenegro country is Crna Gora which means Black Mountain. For Montenegrins the mountains means a strong symbol of honour, dignity and humanity. Because of Njegoš, Lovćen gives them special national identity.
The mountain range
Lovćen is a mountain range in the system of Dinaric Alps, which rises steep from the edge of Adriatic area, above coastal Montenegro. From Lovćen you can enjoy in magnificent view to amazing Boka kotorska bay, one of the most beautiful scenery in whole Montenegro. To the east and south-east, slopes of Lovćen stretch all the way to karstic field of Cetinje and hills over Rijeka Crnojevića river, a tributary of Scutari (Skadarsko) lake. To the north and NE Lovćen stretch to Montenegrin karst. From the coast the mountain rises very steep. From the Bay of Kotor especially, it rises as a huge stony wall.
The mountain here falls almost directly into water, specially if you see Lovćen from Kotor or Perast town. From the other, continental side, Lovćen rises more gentle and gradually. National Park encompasses the central and the highest part of Lovćen mountain massif and covers an area of 62.20 km². It was proclaimed a national park in 1952. Besides Lovćen’s natural beauties, national park was established to protect rich historical, cultural and architectural heritage of the area. The highest peak of the National Park is the peak Štirovnik (1.749 m), which is also the highest peak of Lovćen mountain range.
Lovćen Mountain National Park has a beautiful setting; from Lovćen, there is beautiful view of the Kotor Bay, the view of the open sea, of the Skadar Lake, and of Cetinje, and even of the distant Prokletije Mountain. One of the most beautiful parts of the Lovćen Mountain National Park is the resort Ivanova Korita (1261 m), situated on the eastern slope of Jezerski Peak, in a valley covered with forests and meadows. This is a well-known vacation resort for children, which is open even during the winter. Above the resort, there is a ski slope, with the ski lift. Ivanova korita got its name after Ivan Crnojevic (former ruler of Montenegro).
Also, if you are visiting Lovćen, you should go to Njegusi (880 m-940 m) picturesque mountainous village, placed on Cetinje-Kotor road in Njegusko polje, a carstic field (880 m-940 m) surrounded with mountains from all sides, except on western side where Krstac pass is situated (965 m), from where you can enjoy in best view to Boka Kotorska bay. Jezerski Peak (1.675 m) is the second highest point of the National Park; there is a mausoleum of the famous Montenegrin poet and ruler Petar II Petrovic Njegoš on the mountain top. Its foundations were built into six-meter-deep mountain rock. You can reach the Mausoleum by the road from Cetinje. At the end of the road there is 461 steps leading to the monument. You can approach the Mausoleum by road or by hiking paths. On 20th kilometer from Cetinje (via Ivanova Korita) you’ll reach the parking place. From here a 125 m long tunnel with 461 steps (60 meters up) is digged through the massif of Jezerski vrh to its summit, where you’ll see the platform in front of Mausoleum. The Mausoleum is 37 m long, 15,4 m wide and 11 m high. Behind the Mausoleum you can reach a nice plateau which is wonderful viewpoint to Boka Kotorska bay.