Stretching in NW-SE direction, Mt Rumija with its highest peak Rumija (1594 m) is the south-est mountain of Montenegro. As a Dinaric natural barrier, Rumija separate Adriatic Sea from the Skadarsko Jezero lake. With the height of 1594 m, it drops steep towards the Adriatic coastline and somewhat less steeply towards the southern part of the lake. Rumija is very special and unique mountain with one leg in the Adriatic Sea and the other leg in Skadar Lake.
The elevation difference with more than 1500 m is one of the largest elevation difference in Montenegro, while the path from the Bar town to the summit is one of the most attractive mountain path in that country.
The general aspect of Montenegro is that of a succession of elevated ridges, diversified here and there by a lofty mountain peak, and, in some parts, looking like a sea of immense waves turned into stone.
The ridge of the Rumija mountain is more than 10 km long and include Sutorman with its highest peak Široka Strana (1185 m) and Vrsuta (1183 m). Between the Bijela Skala pass and Rumija main summit is placed rocky ridge of Čagoglina (1297 m), while on SE are connected by ridge the peaks of Brisan (1435 m), Kozjak (1427 m) and Debelin (1205 m).
On the south from the main summit and Veliki Mikulići is wide and roundly mountain Lisinja with its highest peak Loška (1353 m) which is nicely visible from the Bar town as a first visible peak. On the southern side of the mountain are placed few water springs and that are the three small rivers Železnica, Bunar and Međurječ.
Rumija and the Cult of St Vladimir
Al thought Montenegro is a mountainous country, the destiny of its citizens was to live with them. The thousands of years of the history of Montenegrin (Duklja) people was the reason why they glorify the mountains as a spiritual symbols. Two of them has the special importance for Montenegrin people, defending Montenegro and its people like some natural fortress.
That are Rumija and Lovćen. During the Montenegro history, Rumija mountain was the first mountain with a strong spiritual influence was the Rumija, while after the 15th century the Mt Lovćen became a leading spiritual simbol of Montenegrins. The proof of the Mt Rumija’s holiness in the last thousand years is a famous cross of St. Vladimir named as „Krst Svetog Vladimira“ or „Vladimirov Krst“. As a ruler of Duklja’s Montenegro, Vladimir was executed in 1215. when he came out from the church of the Sveti Ahilije in Prespa. After that, the God’s believers wear St Vladimir’s cross each year on the Holly Trinitty Day throught the Krajina (from Prečista Krajina as a spiritual center of Duklja’s Montenegro) across the Rumija mountain and throught the Mrkovići i Anamale. After the execution of Vladimir, the spiritual ceremony of wearing of St Vladimir’s cross to the summit of Mt Rumija became a famous spiritual ceremony in which participate the Orthodox Christians, Catholics and Muslims. Vladimir was the first saint of Montenegro. Each year on the Holy Trinity Day the spiritual devotees wear that cross to the summit of Mt Rumija where is placed small Orthodox Christian chapel.
That ceremony starting at the midnight when the believers start to wear St Vladimir’s cross to Mt Rumija from the church of Sveti Nikola (St Nicholas, Agios Nikolaos) in Velje Mikulića. The goal of the ceremony is to wear the cross to the summit of Rumija before the sunrise. When the sunrise come, the Orthodox priest bless the cross and rotate to all four sides of the World. On the summit of Rumija spiritual devotee make a spiritual prayer „Krst se nosi, Bog se moli, Gospode pomiluj!“ (The cross is wearing, Pray to God, God bless us!). Also, believers wear the rocks and stones to the summit because of theirs desire to build one day the church on the summit. After the priest blessed the people and after theirs finished prayers, the believers descending from the Rumija and on the plateau below it continued to celebrate with singing, dancing, eating and drinking. That spiritual procession is some kind of imitations of the Jesus Christ’s walk with a cross to the Golgota hill. After the execution of Vladimir, the spiritual ceremony of wearing of St Vladimir’s cross to the summit of Mt Rumija became a famous spiritual ceremony in which participate the Orthodox Christians, Catholics and Muslims.
Views of Rumija
Rumija is a very special mountain because of its outstanding summit views and panoramas. From its summit you can admire the endless view above the Adriatic Sea, while on the other side you can enjoy in impressive scenery and beauty of the large Skadarsko Jezero lake and many hilly islands on it. The highest and most impressive peak which you can see from Rumija’s summit is the highest peak of Prokletije range Maja Jezerce (2694 m), placed in the Albanian part of Prokletije massif.