Tivat is a coastal town in southwest Montenegro, located in the Boka Kotorska. It has a population of 9,467 (2003 census). Tivat is the centre of Tivat municipality (population 13,630), which is the smallest municipality by area in Montenegro.
History of Tivat
The origin of Tivat supposedly goes back to the 3rd century BC Documents prove as well that Tivat was an important religious centre in the 14th and 15th centuries. The Monastery of St. Michael the Archangel was the seat of the Orthodox Archbishopric of Zeta. Tivat, the youngest town in the Boka area was established on the spacious plateau at the bottom of Vrmac. According to the archives of Kotor, the following names were mentioned here in the 14th century: Teude, Theode, and Theudo who are related to the queen Teuta.
“Our dear Boka, Adriatic’s bride. Droped with the sky like with silk blue, Prettier than any Nereid are you, Upon you beauty you should yourself pride”
There are not many written traces of the events that happened in this region at the time of Houses of Nemanjic, Balšic, Crnojevic, Venice, France, and Austrians. During the Middle Ages the fertile lands of the Tivat area belonged mostly to the aristocrats of Kotor, Prcanj and Dobrota. There were their big properties, castles, and chalets as well as the collective church of St. Anton dating from 1373. Part of this inheritance, which was the property of the wealth Buca family, is a marvelous chalet which today houses Tivat’s museums and galleries.
The residence of the metropolitan of the Zetan diocese was built from the 13th to the 15th century on Prevlaka Island. Tivat (called Teodo in Venetian language), was under the Republic of Venice as a part of Albania Veneta from 1420 to 1797. Tivat turned into a town by the end of 19th century when in 1889 the Naval arsenal was built by Austrians, and was later used as a military base of Army of Montenegro). Currently, a Canadian businessman Peter Munk is finalising the building of a vacation resort and mega-marina named “Porto Montenegro”.
Geography of Tivat
It is located in the central part of the Boka Kotorska, south of mount Vrmac. The municipality lies mostly south of the town, and also has an exit to open sea at the tourist location Pržno inlet near Radovici village in south. Its central part, where Tivat Airport is located, lies in fertile Grbalj valley. The airport is located near the isthmus of Luštica peninsula, which belongs to the municipality of Herceg Novi for the most part.
Tourism in Tivat
Beginning from 1971 the Tivat Airport acquired the modern runway and it is now a significant airport for foreign air traffic. The tourist potential of Tivat is yet to be fully realized. Only the inlets near Prevlaka, as well as the localities of Župa and Kalimanj, provide great conditions for the construction of marinas and yachting clubs.
Even today, Tivat represents an interesting place for navigators. This little town is aiming to attract many guests in the third millennium. Although it is the youngest town in the Boka region, Tivat has a lot of interesting and attractive destinations.
Renaissance Summer House Buca in the centre of city, Ostrvo Cvijeca (Flowers’ Island) with sacred monuments, Gornja Lastva, the old nucleus at an altitude of 300 m, the magnificent sandy beach at Plavi Horizonti and the Sveti Marko Island are the most visited tourist destinations in Tivat area. In the city itself there is the natural port Kalimanj. Tivat is also the only place at the Montenegrin coast with an airport. There is also a choice of cultural events, such as “Bocce Olympiad” and “Summer Fest”. “Plavi Horizonti” (Blue Horizons) in Radovici, “Mimoza” (Mimosa), “Kamelija”, “Pine”, “Tivat”, “Palma” and “Villa Royal” are the names of some hotels that, besides the private accommodations, can entertain up to eight thousand guests. The tourist settlement of “St. Marco”, built for the needs of the Parisian Mediterranean club (aka Club Med), is certainly an attraction. It consists of about a hundred cottages, nicely fitted into the natural surrounding of dense greenery for the enjoyment of the guests.
Tivat boasts a beautiful botanic garden thanks to the Bokan sailors who brought back a wide variety of exotic tree species and ornamental plants from their voyages around the globe. It is important to know where the attractive spots are in this municipality.
From Lepetane, which is part of Tivat, a car ferry connects with the western Herceg-Novi side of the Boka Kotorska.
The Montenegrins’, Serbs’ and Croats’ languages are all mutually intelligible and derived from Serbo-Croat. The dialect and the vocabulary of the local people are heavily influenced by Italian. Locals usually speak and understand Italian, Russian and English.
Tivat airport, 4km off town, connections with Belgrade, Moscow, Frankfurt, Paris, Prague.
The following airlines operate to/from Tivat Airport: Air Moldova (Chiṣinǎu, seasonal), Jat Airways (Belgrade), KrasAir (Moscow-Domodedovo), Montenegro Airlines (Belgrade, Copenhagen, London-Gatwick, Moscow-Domodedovo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Skopje, St Petersburg), Moskovia Airlines (Moscow-Domodedovo) Rossiya (St Petersburg), S7 Airlines (Moscow-Domodedovo), Transaero Airlines (Moscow-Domodedovo) There are also Charter flights to Moscow, Helsinki and other cities.
Podgorica airport is 90km away, and has flights throughout the year to Belgrade, Istanbul, Budapest, Zurich, Frankfurt, Ljubljana, Paris, Rome, Vienna and , London-Gatwick. Buses run from Podgorica to Kotor year round.
Dubrovnik airport in Croatia is 73 km away from Kotor, and maintains flights to many European destinations throughout the year, providing a good alternative to the Montenegrin airports. A taxi to Kotor will cost €80, when you arrange the transfer at least a day before. Taxi drivers at the airport use a approximately price of 100 euros. There is a large border crossing and a small border crossing, the small crossing is a 7 km detour but less busy and may prevent waiting up to two hours. Taxi drivers might ask for more money (e.g. 10 euros extra) to go via the small border, even though it is in their interest to do so.
By the Adratic Motorway, connecting Dubrovnik and Podgorica.
Car ferry connection with Lepetane.
- Botanic garden — Tivat boasts a beautiful botanic garden thanks to the Bokan sailors who brought back a wide variety of exotic tree species and ornamental plants from their voyages around the globe.
- Porto Montenegro — In summer 2014 Tivat became home of a luxury yacht marina called Porto Montenegro.
- Gornja Lastva — Small, lovely medieval village just up the hill from Tivat in the Vrmac range.
During summer you can expect to pay about €10 per person for accommodation at a private residence in the old town, and €7-15 outside the old town and closer to beaches.If you are walking from the bus station to the center you will see one right after Roda Market and next to archeological site. This is a yellow building with “rooms” plate on the wall. Shared bathroom but good city view and a kitchenette. 50 meters to one of the old town gates.
- Hostel Anton — Mazina BB, +382 69261182. Check-in: 11am; checkout: 11am. A locally owned family hostel and art club. With a large green garden and stunning views down to Boka Kotorska Bay, it is perfectly situated between the mountains and the sea for those who like an independent atmosphere. Live music, dinners and a relaxing yet vibrant atmosphere. From €11 per night.
- Hotel Primavera — Hotel “Primavera” is located in the center of Tivat city, in 20 meters from the sea, on a city square which traditionally represents a basis of all city business and entertaining events. In an environment of various cafes, restaurants, gardens and palm trees, being on city quay.
Wifi is available in the marina port of Porto Montenegro. Most restaurants and terraces in old town have free wifi, you will get the password on request if you order something.
- Budva — the Montenegrin touristic metropolis on the Adriatic Sea is located some 20km south of the Boka Kotorska.
- Cetinje — the historical capital of Montenegro is located just under Mt Lovćen, the mountain overlooking the Boka Kotorska.
- Dubrovnik — the hub of Croatian tourism can be reached from Herceg Novi in less than 40 minutes north of the Boka Kotorska.
- Lovcen national park — Mount Lovćen rises from the borders of the Adriatic basin closing the long ang twisting bays of Boka Kotorska and making the hinterland to the coastal town of Kotor. The mountain has two imposing peaks, Štirovnik (1,749 m) and Jezerski vrh (1,657 m).The mountain slopes are rocky, with numerous fissures, pits and deep depressions giving its scenery a specific look. Standing on the border between two completely different natural wholes, the sea and the mainland, Lovćen is under the influence of both climates.
- Risan — visit the site of Roman ruins and some fairly well-preserved mosaic floors that had been in a Roman house during 2nd century A.D.
- Herceg Novi — take a walk on the 6km-long 5 Danica’s esplanade to meet with the rich and diverse history of the town.
- Perast — a well preserved village, built entirely in barroque style, a UNESCO World Natural and Historical Heritage Site. From Perast there is a boat ride to the man-made islet of Our Lady of the Rocks (Gospa od Škrpjela). Upon returning home safely, seamen dropped rocks and old boats filled with rocks in this place and gradually created the islet as the foundation for the church.
- Njegos Mausoleum — The mausoleum of Petar Petrovic Njegos built of limestone and granite can be found on top of Mount Lovcen. It was Njegos’s last wish, the greatest ruler of the Montenegrins who was a bishop and a poet at the same time to be buried there.
- Prcanj — small family-friendly place with great view of the Bay of Kotor.
- Tivat — a small town, quickly emerging into a major touristic, business and transport centre. Located in the vicinity of the Tivat International Airport, in summer 2014 it became home of a luxury yacht marina called Porto Montenegro.
- Mamula — Guarding the entrance to the bay, is this prison island built by Austro-Hungarian general Lazar Mamula in mid 19th century. During the World War II, the fort was used as a prison by the Italians.
- The island of Gospa od Skrpjela — (Our Lady of the Rock). The Island Gospa od Skrpjela is one of two gorgeous islands in Kotor Bay, which are situated in the bay across from Perast (in the Kotor municipality). The other island, which also should be visited, is the Island Sveti Djordje (St. George). That island is also called “the island of the dead captains”, because according to a legend one French soldier, by shooting from cannon towards Perast, hit a house of his beloved girl and killed her. That legend was a motive for the master piece “The Island of the Dead” by the Switzerland painter Beklin. The Island Gospa od Skrpjela is an artificial island, made by seaman from Perast and Kotor, who on their big sail boats brought in large boulders. According to stories, fisherman from Perast, after a shipwreck near the island, found an icon of the Holy Mother of God with the Christ on a sea rock, so they vowed to build a church on the island. They built the church in 1630. As the island had to be maintained, seaman continued to bring in stones, so that tradition is alive even today. It is called Fasinada from Perast (July 22).
- Plava Spilja — A blue grotto in the bay. It is 5.7 nautical miles away from Herceg Novi. During the summer season, you can take private boats from Herceg Novi to Plava Spilja.
- Mount Orjen — Mount Orjen at 1,894 meters is the highest mountain on the Adriatic coastline and dominates the entrance to the Boka Kotorska and it’s surrounding.